How to Cook with Melrose Peppers: Recipes, Tips, and More

Hello, Good News! Welcome to our article on how to cook with melrose peppers, a sweet and versatile pepper that originated in Chicago. If you are looking for some delicious and easy recipes to use these peppers, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will show you how to prepare melrose peppers in different ways, from salads and sandwiches to roasts and stews. We will also share some interesting facts and tips about these peppers, as well as answer some common questions you might have. So, let’s get started!

Melrose peppers are a type of sweet Italian pepper that were first grown in the Melrose Park neighborhood of Chicago by Italian immigrants in the early 1900s. They brought the seeds of these peppers from their hometown of Nocera Inferiore, near Naples, and planted them in their gardens. The peppers thrived in the Chicago soil and climate, and soon became a favorite among other Italians in the area. Melrose peppers are similar to cubanelle peppers, but they have a thinner skin and a sweeter flavor. They are usually green or yellow when immature, and turn red when ripe. They have a mild heat level, ranging from 0 to 500 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), which is much lower than jalapeños or serranos.

How to Select and Store Melrose Peppers

When buying melrose peppers, look for ones that are firm, smooth, and glossy, without any bruises or soft spots. They should also have a fresh and crisp stem. Avoid peppers that are wrinkled, shriveled, or discolored. You can find melrose peppers at some farmers’ markets or specialty grocery stores, especially in the Chicago area. You can also order them online from some seed companies or nurseries.

To store melrose peppers, keep them in a plastic bag or container in the refrigerator for up to a week. You can also freeze them for longer storage. To freeze them, wash and dry them well, then cut off the stems and remove the seeds. You can either leave them whole or chop them into pieces. Place them in a single layer on a baking sheet and freeze until firm. Then transfer them to a freezer bag or container and label with the date. You can use frozen melrose peppers for up to a year.

How to Prepare Melrose Peppers

Melrose peppers are very easy to prepare and cook. You can use them raw or cooked, depending on your preference and recipe. Here are some basic steps to prepare melrose peppers:

Wash and dry

Before using melrose peppers, wash them under running water and pat them dry with a paper towel or a clean cloth.

Remove stem and seeds

To remove the stem and seeds of melrose peppers, cut off the stem end with a knife and pull out the core with your fingers. Tap the pepper on the counter to shake out any remaining seeds.

Cut or slice

To cut or slice melrose peppers, use a sharp knife and a cutting board. You can cut them into halves, quarters, rings, strips, or dice, depending on your recipe.

How to Cook Melrose Peppers

Melrose peppers are very versatile and can be cooked in various ways. Here are some of the most common methods:


To sauté melrose peppers, heat some oil or butter in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add sliced or chopped melrose peppers and cook, stirring occasionally, until they are soft and slightly charred, about 15 to 20 minutes. You can season them with salt, pepper, garlic, onion, herbs, or spices of your choice.


To roast melrose peppers, preheat oven to 425°F (220°C) and line a baking sheet with parchment paper or foil. Arrange whole or halved melrose peppers on the prepared baking sheet and drizzle with some oil. Sprinkle with salt, pepper, and any other seasonings you like. Roast for 25 to 30 minutes, turning once halfway through, until they are tender and blistered.


To grill melrose peppers, preheat grill to medium-high heat and lightly oil the grates. Cut melrose peppers into halves or quarters and thread them onto skewers. Brush with some oil and season with salt, pepper, and any other seasonings you like. Grill for 10 to 15 minutes, turning occasionally, until they are charred and soft.

Melrose Pepper Recipes

Now that you know how to select, store, prepare, and cook melrose peppers, you are ready to try some delicious recipes with them. Here are some of our favorites:

Melrose Pepper Salad with Heirloom Tomatoes

This refreshing salad is perfect for a summer day. It features roasted melrose peppers, juicy heirloom tomatoes, cheese, olives, and basil, tossed with a simple dressing of olive oil and vinegar. It’s easy to make and full of flavor and color. You can serve it as a side dish or a light meal.

To make this salad, you will need:

  • 2 large, ripe heirloom tomatoes, preferably different varieties
  • 7 or 8 roasted melrose peppers (see above)
  • 8 oz. of asiago, fontinella or provolone cheese, small chop
  • ½ red onion, small dice
  • 2 handfuls each of kalamata and castelvetrano olives, sliced
  • Fresh chopped basil
  • Olive oil
  • Red wine vinegar
  • Salt and pepper to taste

To make this salad, follow these steps:

  1. Cut the tomatoes into wedges and place them in a large bowl.
  2. Cut the roasted melrose peppers into strips and add them to the bowl.
  3. Add the cheese, onion, olives, and basil to the bowl and toss gently to combine.
  4. Drizzle some olive oil and vinegar over the salad and season with salt and pepper to taste.
  5. Refrigerate for at least an hour to let the flavors meld.
  6. Enjoy!

Melrose Pepper Crostini

This appetizer is simple yet delicious. It features sautéed melrose peppers on top of toasted bread slices, sprinkled with cheese and olive oil. It’s a great way to showcase the sweet and tangy flavor of melrose peppers. You can serve it as a snack or a starter for any occasion.

To make this crostini, you will need:

  • 12 fresh melrose peppers
  • 1/4 cup of olive oil
  • Coarse salt
  • 12 slices of a baguette, cut on the diagonal
  • 1/4 cup of grated pecorino romano cheese
  • Additional olive oil for sprinkling over the bread
  • 1 large clove of garlic

To make this crostini, follow these steps:

  1. Remove the stem and seeds from the melrose peppers. Hint: While the peppers are fresh and crisp, push the stem inward until it snaps, and then pull out the core. Tap the pepper on the counter to drop the remaining seeds.
  2. Heat 1/4 cup of olive oil in a medium-sized sauté pan, coating the bottom of the pan with salt.
  3. The salt at the bottom of the pan helps the peppers blister. When the pan is hot, add the peppers to the pan. Cook over medium to high heat, turning as the peppers start to blister. This process should take about 20 to 25 minutes.
  4. While the peppers are cooking, preheat oven to 375°F (190°C) and line a baking sheet with parchment paper or foil.
  5. Arrange the bread slices on the prepared baking sheet and sprinkle some olive oil over them.
  6. Bake for 10 to 15 minutes, until they are golden and crisp.
  7. Rub one side of each bread slice with the garlic clove.
  8. When the peppers are done, transfer them to a cutting board and chop them coarsely.
  9. Spoon some peppers over each bread slice and sprinkle some cheese on top.
  10. Serve hot or at room temperature.

Melrose Pepper Stew with Sausage and Potatoes

This hearty stew is comfort food at its best. It features melrose peppers cooked with sausage, potatoes, tomatoes, and herbs in a rich broth. It’s filling, flavorful, and easy to make in one pot. You can serve it with crusty bread or rice for a satisfying meal.

To make this stew, you will need:

  • 1 lb of Italian sausage links, cut into bite-sized pieces
  • 2 tbsp of olive oil
  • 1 onion, chopped
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